Guide to Bathroom Electrification

Wiring for UK & European Bathrooms

Bathrooms in the UK and Europe are divided into IP zones. See diagram here

What is IP?

IP stands for Ingress Protection and is followed by two numbers. The first numeral following IP denotes the degree of protection against the intrusion of solid objects and the second numeral denotes the degree of protection against water in electrical enclosures.

IP44 is a technical definition of ‘waterproof':

An IP44 rating denotes that the electrical enclosure is protected against solid foreign objects greater than 1mm and splashing water. Water splashing against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effect.


Wiring for North American Bathrooms

We offer a range of electrification options including Dry and Damp UL listed, and our IP44 fitting (non-UL).
Please seek the advice of your installing electrician to ensure the correct specification for the location of the fixture.

The Bathroom Guide on the product page states the UL options we offer as standard for the fixture. Other ratings may be possible with modifications.

What is UL?

Widely adopted as standard in North America, UL stands for Underwriters Laboratories Inc an independent product safety testing and certification organization.

Specific to lighting, UL requires a luminaire to be marked for a dry, damp, or wet location.

Dry Locations:
A location not normally subject to dampness, but may include a location subject to temporary dampness, provided ventilation is adequate to prevent an accumulation of moisture. (A common application of this concept would be a dry-location luminaire installed above a mirror or vanity in a bathroom.)

Damp Location:
An exterior or interior location that is normally or periodically subject to condensation of moisture in, on, or adjacent to, to the luminaire.

Wet Locations:
A location in which water or other liquid can drip, splash, or flow on or against electrical equipment. [A common application of this concept would be a luminaire installed in a shower, where it is in close proximity to steam and water splash must be a damp- or wet-location luminaire].

Definitions: From UL Standard Publication 1598, and application notes from Lamps in the Damp

Further information can be found on

Rest of World wiring options

Please seek the advice of your installing electrician to ensure the correct specification for the location of the fixture and state this with your enquiry. Our sales team will advise you of the options available.


Guide to Bathroom Finishes

Recommended Finishes

We make each design to order in the finish of your choice. Some finishes may require a stove lacquer in environments with exposure to moisture to maintain their look. View our finishes here

Finishes with this symbol are recommended for bathroom use.

We recommend a Stove Lacquer (a clear protective coating baked on) for finishes with this symbol.
The Stove Lacquer will preserve the appearance of the finish when exposed to moisture.

Please note stove lacquer may even out some tones and add a slight sheen to the finish.

Highly suitable for bathroom use all designs can be specified in any paint colour, from any paint supplier, or matched to a Pantone or RAL colour.

Made to order in the finish and electrification of your choice, many of our lights are suitable for bathroom use. These designs carry a Bathroom Guide on their product page explaining which finish and electrical specifications we suggest for bathroom use. Designs without the Bathroom Guide may be suitable with a design modification, which our workshop can advise you on, so please feel free to enquire after any design that appeals to you.



Cinema Round Stepped Putney
  Deco Light  
  View All Flush Ceiling Lights  


Hanging Lanterns

Star Pagoda Globe Hexagonal Treaty Port
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Wall Sconces

Rock Crystal Chestnut Hurricane
Single Ball    
Palmer Straight-Arm Plain Tracery
  Bath Sconce  
  View All Wall Sconces  


Wall Lanterns

Manhattan Glass Ball Gina Pavilion
  View All Wall Lanterns  


Bracket Lanterns

Odeon Empire State French
  View All Bracket Lanterns  



Two Tier Table Round Mesh Square Mesh
  Wastepaper Basket Wastepaper Basket
  View All Furniture  

Door Handles

Glass Rods Moon Snail Caliph
  View All Door Handles  




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